Many shipments of time and temperature sensitive products including food, pharmaceutical, medical devices, vaccines, and industrial chemicals such as chemical-mechanical planarization (CMP) slurries, adhesives, and sealants contain, or have attached to the package(s) and/or overpack(s) small battery- powered tracking devices / data loggers. Most of these devices use lithium metal or lithium ion cells or batteries as a power source.
Lithium cells and batteries are classified as dangerous goods and therefore must meet all the applicable provisions of the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) when shipped by air. This applies regardless of whether the lithium cells or batteries are shipped as cargo by themselves or whether the lithium cells or batteries are installed in a small device such as a data logger that is placed inside or attached to packages of cargo. In addition, to be permitted in transport all lithium cell and battery types must have passed the applicable tests set out in Subsection 38.3 of the UN Manual of Tests and Criteria.

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